A building inspector is a professional employed either by a town, county or state and is typically qualified in one or more areas to make an informed, unbiased evaluation of a structure’s suitability for operation as a place of business. In most states, these inspectors must be licensed by the local board of licensing examiners. Generally, they are members of an organization such as the National Building Council or NCCA. In addition, they hold at least a master’s degree in building science or building engineering, along with at least three years of practical experience in related fields.
As a practical layperson, you may not be sufficiently knowledgeable about construction and structural issues to pass this inspection. Consequently, the inspector will utilize their practical experience to observe, evaluate the site and conduct interviews to obtain additional information. The main objectives of a building inspector when inspecting structures are to detect deficiencies and problems that would lead to significant adverse impacts on the operation of the facility and document the condition of the building before it is brought up for construction. While they do not necessarily include a critical analysis of construction plans, this inspection portion focuses on general building safety.
In addition to drafting building inspections based on practical experience, a building inspector will prepare draft structural documents to assist the engineer in preparing design specifications and ensuring that the design is technically acceptable. In the practice of structural engineering, building inspections are routine. Inspectors review all necessary components to be considered under the codes. At times, certain conditions are beyond their control, but the inspectors are adept at determining if those factors could have been prevented if the deficiencies had been addressed before construction.
When a building inspector makes his final evaluation of the condition of a commercial building, they will provide the owner with an evaluation stating that the building meets the code. However, an evaluation alone is not sufficient to verify that the building complies with the law. To ensure that the inspection report is accurate, the inspector will require qualified personnel familiar with the codes. In many instances, these individuals are certified plumbers and other professionals who can inspect the building and plumbing systems onsite.
In addition to the field of expertise, you will gain from completing several building inspections under your building inspector job description, you will also find that you will have a high demand for your services. After you complete a specific building inspection, you may find that you will receive multiple phone calls for your services. It is primarily because the owner is likely to want to make minor repairs as soon as possible to meet legal requirements. As a result, you may be required to come to the site as often as necessary to execute the recommended repairs. Depending on the construction location, you may even need to visit multiple sites before completing one.